Foreign Exchange Trading
Foreign exchange trading is generally conducted in a decentralized manner,with the exceptions of currency futures and options. Foreign exchange has experienced spectacular growth in volume ever since currencies were allowed to float freely against each other. While the daily turnover in 1977 was U.S. $5billion, it increased to U.S. $600 billion in 1987, reached the U.S. $1 trillion marking September 1992, and stabilized at around $1,5 trillion by the year 2000.Main factors influence on this spectacular growth in volume are indicated below.For foreign exchange, currency volatility is a prime factor in the growth of volume. In fact, volatility is a sine qua non condition for trading. The only instruments that may be profitable under conditions of low volatility are currency options.